Nutritional Deficiency in children – Symptoms and Remedies

Our children grow at a rapid rate. From a minuscule cell to fully grown baby in 9 months and the tremendous growth rate that they achieve in the first years is mind blogging. Their bodies require appropriate nutrition and when something is missed – they end up with Nutritional Deficiencies.

What is a Nutritional Deficiency?

Your child’s body needs various vitamins, minerals that are crucial for their growth. Many of these are not produced organically in the body and hence these have to be provided from an external source.

A Nutritional Deficiency occurs when the body does not get the necessary amount of nutrition or is unable to process a certain nutrition. Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems, which can include ingestion, skin problems, stunted or defective bone growth, and even memory loss in extreme cases. 

The amount of nutrition that your child needs depends on his age. Even though you might be giving him everything that he requires to be fit, it is also a possibility that your child’s body is unable to process the nutrition. 

Type of Nutritional Deficiency in children

Vitamin A –

Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin Vitamin A has many roles: it is necessary for growth and advancement, for the support of the immune system and excellent vision.

Signs of Vitamin A deficiency –

  • Dry Skin
  • Dry Eyes
  • Night Blindness
  • Infertility and Trouble Conceiving
  • Delayed Growth
  • Throat and Chest Infections
  • Poor Wound Healing

Iron deficiency – 

Children need iron for a broad variety of human purposes. It is a part of hemoglobin, a protein that transports oxygen from their lungs to the rest of their body where it assists their muscles in the storage and use of oxygen.

Without enough iron, kids are at risk of developing anemia which can lead to laziness and abnormal cognitive functioning. While your kids may be picky eaters it is necessary to assure that their diet begins and continues to be iron-rich during their developing years.

Signs of Iron deficiency –

  • Pale skin.
  • Fatigue.
  • Slowed growth and development.
  • Poor appetite.
  • Abnormally rapid breathing.
  • Behavioral problems.
  • Frequent infections

Calcium deficiency – 

Calcium is necessary for every cell in your child’s body. It is very important for bone and teeth maintenance. Additionally, calcium works as a signaling molecule. Without it, your heart, muscles, and nerves would not be able to perform.

The calcium absorption in the blood is tightly controlled, and any excess is deposited in bones. If your intake is lacking, bones will lose calcium. 

Signs of Calcium deficiency –

  • confusion or memory loss.
  • muscle spasms.
  • numbness and tingling in the hands, feet, and face.
  • depression.
  • hallucinations.
  • muscle cramps.
  • weak and brittle nails.
  • easy fracturing of the bones

Zinc Deficiency

Zinc is an element essential to childhood growth, metabolism, sex hormone growth, and healthy immunity. A deficiency can negatively influence everything from nails, hair and even skin to cognitive functioning and the height of your child.

Signs of Zinc deficiency –

  1. Skin, nails, and hair. Zinc deficiency may display as acne, eczema, xerosis (dry, scaling skin), or alopecia (thin and sparse hair)
  2. low Immune system.
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Low Appetite
  5. Cognitive function 
  6. Psychological disorders

Iodine Deficiency

Iodine is essential for thyroid gland to function properly in the body. It is accountable for the excretion of the growth hormone, as well as controlling our body weight. The body does not make iodine on its own so we need to get it from our diet.

Signs of Iodine deficiency –

  • Swelling in the Neck
  • Unexpected Weight Gain
  • Fatigue and Weakness
  • Hair loss.
  • Dry, Flaky Skin
  • Changes in Heart Rate. …
  • Trouble Learning and Remembering

It is rather unlikely to be nutritionally deficient for kids, that said, the deficiencies listed up are by far the most widespread and common. Children, young women, older adults, vegetarians, and vegans appear to be at the greatest risk of various deficiencies.

The best way to counter deficiency is to eat a well-balanced diet that incorporates whole, nutrient-dense foods. However, supplements may be necessary for those who can’t obtain enough from diet alone. Please consult your doctor for information on suppliments. 


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This is a personal blog that chronicles my own experiences/research. Readers must take proper medical advice (if any discussed above) before trying anything at home.

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50 thoughts on “Nutritional Deficiency in children – Symptoms and Remedies

  1. Great post and yes I agree that nutrition defieciency is a common occurence and having a well balanced diet is mandatory to combat it. I really like the way you had explained everything with great pics and proper details. #Surbhireads #Myfriendalexa

  2. A very well researched and informative post. Balanced meals are important but it is a task to have one with picky eaters like my daughter. Thanks for the list of foods as this will help in planning better.

  3. Nutritional deficiencies are silent killers as they easily affect people without even their knowledge. It is of utmost importance to check that we are nutritionally balanced. #MyFriendAlexa #ShubhraReads

  4. Nutrition for kids is very necessary these days. Thanks for sharing. In times of processed foods and junk foods, nutritious foods are very important for growing kids. #wordsmithkaurreads #MyFriendAlexa #BlogChatter

  5. Hi, that’s a very useful post, because providing the right food with appropriate amount of nutrition is so essential to ensure proper growth and development in children. The visual charts you have included are very well detailed and a complete reference guide on proper nutrition.

  6. A very insightful read .. guess this holds true for all the kids these days. Moms need to keep a check on their diet and nutritional intake because of increase in picky eating habits. thank u for writing this. 🙂

  7. A very informative post. You have given a lot of information that is very useful. List of food items that are rich in particular nutrition will be of great help in creating a balanced diet.

  8. Today with change inner lifestyle and eating habits, kids are at a greater risk of nutrient deficiency. Without compromising taste and variety in food, we can still incorporate the list that you have mentioned in our diet.

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